Inhaled Corticosteroids and Oral Thrush


Common Side Effects of Inhaled Corticosteroids (ICS):

i. Oral/Pharyngeal Candidiasis (oral thrush)

ii. Sore throat

iii. Dry mouth and throat


Risk Factors:

. History of immunosuppression

. Smoking

. Poor inhaler technique


Prevention and Management:

i. Rinse Mouth with Water: After using the inhaler to remove any residual medication.

ii. Check Inhaler Technique: Ensure proper usage and consider using a spacer device.

iii. Smoking Cessation: Advise the patient to quit smoking to reduce the risk of infections and improve overall lung health.

iv. Antifungal Treatment: Oral fluconazole 50 mg once daily for 7 days can be prescribed to treat the infection.

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