Key Points:

  • Beck’s Triad: Hypotension, muffled heart sounds, and high jugular venous pressure are classic signs of cardiac tamponade.
  • Cardiac Tamponade: An emergency condition where fluid in the pericardium compresses the heart, requiring urgent intervention such as pericardiocentesis.
  • Differentiation: While other conditions like myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, and aortic dissection can present with hypotension and chest pain, the presence of muffled heart sounds and distended neck veins is more specific to cardiac tamponade.

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