Management of Acute Pulmonary Edema:

  • Positioning: Sit the patient up to reduce venous return and improve breathing.
  • Oxygen: Administer oxygen to maintain O2 saturation above 95%, or above 90% in COPD patients.
  • Furosemide (Lasix): 40 mg IV to reduce fluid overload.
  • Morphine: 2.5-5 mg IV slowly to relieve anxiety and distress.
  • Nitrates: Sublingual glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) to reduce preload and alleviate symptoms.

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