Tonsillar Carcinoma


1. Persistent Sore Throat: Lasting over weeks.

2. Progressive Hoarseness: Worsening voice quality.

3. Dysphagia: Difficulty and painful swallowing.

4. Sensation of Lump: Feeling of a persistent lump in the throat.

5. Palpable Neck Lump: Lump on the anterolateral portion of the neck.

6. Pain and Trismus: Pain in the throat and spasm of the jaw muscles.

7. Risk Factors: HPV infection, smoking, and heavy alcohol use.


Management and Treatment:


. Transoral Robotic Surgery (TORS) for early-stage cancers.

. Neck dissection if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.

Radiation Therapy: Often used post-surgery to eliminate residual cancer cells.

Chemotherapy: Combined with radiation or for advanced stages.

Combined Modality Therapy: Combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.

Supportive Care: Symptom management and nutritional support.


Preventive Measures:

i. HPV Vaccination: Reduces the risk of HPV-related tonsil cancer.

ii. Tobacco Cessation: Avoiding tobacco products.

iii. Moderate Alcohol Consumption: Limiting alcohol intake.

iv. Regular Dental Check-ups: Early screenings by a dentist.

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